How to Use an Abacus to Teach Kids Math

How to Use an Abacus to Teach Kids Math

Welcome to MY Cycle Tech. Today I will tell you about the old method of arithmetic. Today we discuss about abacus device.



There are numerous approaches to teach numbers and math to kids. Some can be fun and energizing and some can be outright exhausting. The abacus is an ascertaining device that might be as old as 2700–2300 BC. It has been utilized for quite a long time is still broadly utilized by vendors, merchants, and representatives in Asia, Africa, and somewhere else. It additionally turns out to be an extraordinary apparatus to teach numbers and number-crunching to kids. It has brilliant dots to make picking up energizing and fun while strengthening ideas through the youngster’s feeling of touch.

The abacus is additionally incredible on the grounds that it tends to be utilized to teach straightforward math—like checking, option, and deduction—just as more intricate tasks like increase and division. It can even be utilized to work with parts and to discover square and block roots. Underneath you will discover different procedures to teach math with an abacus.

Things you need:

Things you need:

Abacus device

Your anxious to-learn youngster!

It’s ideal if, in each column, the dots are separated by shading into two gatherings of five as they are in the image above. If not, the Melissa and Doug Classic Wooden Abacus, which you can buy beneath, works consummately as well.

Every abacus contains 100 dots andis fitting for kids ages three and up. Kids love to play with the abacus in view of its stunning tone and surface. You can get one at any toy store or on the web.

The most effective method to Teach Counting with an Abacus

There are various games to play on an abacus that can help build up a kid’s numeracy.

Match My Move. Start in a “beginning situation,” with the dots on each column all on a similar side. At that point, on the top column, move quite a few dabs to the opposite side of the edge and aks your youngster to coordinate your “move” on the line beneath. You can blend this is up with rehashing design courses of action, in which the 10 globules are masterminded in various groupings (for example 2 dabs, 3 dots, 1 dot, 4 globules) that your youngster additionally coordinates.

Tallying Game. From the beginning position, move various dots from one side to the next. At that point request that your youngster check the number of dots you moved, and afterward the number of dots you left.

Both of these games assist kids with turning out to be better counters and assist them with getting a handle on the rules that will assist them with expansion and deduction.

Instructions to Teach Addition to Kids With an Abacus

Treat all the dabs as though each were worth one. Thus, to teach straightforward expansion issues, as “4+3=?”, you would move four dots over to one side (Fig. 1). At that point, place a finger after those four dabs and add three more (Fig. 2). Eliminate your finger and have your youngster add the amounts by pushing the dabs together and checking (Fig. 3).

Expansion Strategies

For expansion issues that are more convoluted, you’ll need to teach your kid how to do them without checking. You can have them practice these basic techniques on the abacus.

The 10 Strategy

For example, in the event that you need your youngster to add 9 + 6, enter 6 and 9 on the initial two columns. At that point move a globule from the 6 to the 9 so the 9 turns into a 10 and the 6 turns into a 5. Thus, the youngster discovers that 9 + 6 = 10 + 5 = 15. When your youngster rehearses this system on the abacus, you can have her take a stab at doing it in her mind.

The Two 5s Strategy

To add 6 + 7, enter 6 and 7 on two wires. The two fives make ten, while the excess globules amount to three, giving an amount of 13. This system works in any issue where the two numbers being added are more than five.

Teaching Money

It’s anything but difficult to teach cash with an abacus. The 100 dabs equivalent one dollar. Every individual globule is a penny, five dabs is a nickel, an entire column of 10 is a dime, and you can even mastermind the dabs into four gatherings of 25 to speak to four quarters.


To exhibit how augmentation functions, request that your kid enter 6 on the abacus multiple times. Clarify that the abacus shows the number 6 taken multiple times, which is composed 6 x 4. Have the youngster discover the item. The reason here isn’t to have your kid remember the result of 6 and 4, however to start to get a handle on the hidden standards behind augmentation: that 6 x 4 = 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 = 24.

Teaching Place Value and Adding Larger Numbers with an Abacus

An abacus can be an extraordinary method to assist understudies with understanding spot esteem: that 10 ones is 1 ten, that 10 tens is 1 hundred, that 10 hundreds is 1 thousand, and so forth

To assist them with that and help your kid utilize greater numbers, show them that each line of globules speaks to a higher register of numbers. For example, the primary layer speaks to 0-9, while the subsequent column speaks to 0-90, and the third line 0-900, and so on In each column, a solitary dot speaks to, separately, 1, 10, and 100.

Stage 1 – Model How to Count to a Number Greater than 10

Start by demonstrating tallying up to the number 14.

Check out every one of the ten globules on the main line.

“Exchange” those 10 dabs for one dot from the second line by moving the 10 dabs in the main column back to their beginning position.

At that point move one dot from the subsequent column over to one side.

At that point check out the leftover four globules in the principal line.

When your kid has aced the rudiments, you would then be able to rehearse by requesting that her enter different numbers on the abacus like 8,457 or 783 or, in the event that you need to get huge, 1,863,093! This portion of the movement can be truly fun. You can likewise turn off and enter numbers and have your kid perused them off the abacus.

Stage 2 – Subtracting Two-Digit Numbers

When your youngster knows about the spot esteem framework, you can utilize this information to work on adding and deducting bigger numbers. For example, have a go at having her take away 65 from 89.

She should speak to 89 on the abacus.

The base line will have 9, while the column above will have 8. (Fig. 1)

At that point, starting with the primary layer, she will check 5 dabs from the gathering of 9 and move them back to the opposite side. (Fig. 2)

Request that her check the number of dabs are left and what number those globules speak to. Record her answer.

At that point, in the subsequent layer, she will tally out 6 dots from the gathering of 8 and move them back to the opposite side. (Fig. 3)

Request that her tally the number of dots are left and what number those dabs speak to. Record her answer.

At long last, request that her add the numbers from the two lines to show up at the appropriate response: 24. (Fig. 4)

Stage 3 – Adding Two-Digit Numbers

Attempt it again with expansion. Request that her add 65 to 89.

She should speak to 89 on the abacus.

The main layer will have 9 and the subsequent layer will have 8. Start with the main layer and add 5 to 9. In this case, the outcome is 14.

“Exchange” the 10 dabs on the base line for one dab on the line above to put it at nine.

Enter 4 into the principal line to speak to the “4” in 14.

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